In the world of "Gattaca", genetic engineering has generated a society in which every member is categorized and determined by genetic origin. The film depicts a dystopian society in which one’s genomic scores determine one’s caste and fate in the society.
The film’s hero, Vincent, was conceived the old-fashioned way, without genetic engineering and, as a result, the society categorizes him as an “in-valid.” His dream is to be an astronaut, but he is fated by his genes to be a janitor. Vincent impersonates a “valid” but is in danger of discovery prior to his first space flight.
Can technology produce such a world? What happens to individual freedom when and if technology catches up to the dystopic society we see depicted in "Gattaca"? What are the social and legal implications of a world in which parents can select the characteristics of their children from appearance to talent? Will the result be a scientifically sanctioned caste system?
Does the existence of genetic engineering guarantee a dangerously unequal dystopia? Or would American political principles that protect equal liberty and equality remain in effect, and safeguard against inequality brought about by such technology?